According to the statistics, 142 species of wild mammals, 488 species of birds, 56 species of reptiles, 45 species of amphibians, 68 species of fishes and 799 species of wild vertebrate have been found in Tibet and formed the animal resource superiority. What’s more, the animal resources of Tibet is not less than the African Savanna, with its unique food chain and ecosphere on this snow-covered plateau.
When traveling to Tibet and driving on any roads to Ngari or northern Tibet, you will view numerous animals, like Tibetan antelopes, wild yaks, goas, bharals, argals, Equus kiang, etc. Tibet is like a natural zoo with no boundaries and free admission, and animals can be in harmony with human beings.
Tibetan Antelope, known as the “pride of Hoh Xil”, is an endemic specie of China with rufous back and light brown or off-white abdomen. The adult male Tibetan antelopes have black faces and black marks on legs, and harp-shaped horns for defending against enemies. Tibetan antelopes are the grade one protected animal of China, and listed into the CITES, which means international trade of this species is prohibited.
Wild Yak, the National Class I Protected Animals, is a unique animal in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The wild yak is extremely cold-resistant with 1,000 kg weight, dark brown body and long thick hairs on its lower part of body. They live on the hillsides all over the year, and like eating soft grass with teeth in summer and tongue in winter. The tongue of wild yaks is prickly as the weapon to defend against enemies.
Tibetan Fox lives in the barren slopes and stream beds of Asia at altitudes of 3,000–4,000 m in Tibet and makes their caves in the corners and crannies of the boulders. They are fierce hunters waiting around brown bears to snag the escaping rodents.
Bharal, an endemic specie on Tibetan Plateau, lives at the altitude of 2,500m – 5,000m. In summer, they gather together with dozens, while in winter, with hundreds of herds which are leaded by rams. Their main actions are at dusk, and rams keep outlook at the protruding rocks. Once enemies gets close, they will rush to the alpine zone with bare rocks immediately, for their hair color is similar as rocks.
Marmots are good at digging holes with more than two entrances for safety in general. They are so cute and fascinating with a lovely tail, short fat hands and feet, and long front teeth. Although they look gawky, they are quite alert at observing the surroundings and stand sentry when having actions.
Weasels always live at an altitude of 3,000 meters in forests, prairie, and alpine bush. They are used to living and acting alone, and especially active at dawn and dust. They are alert, agile, and good at running, swimming and climbing trees, so it’s harder to find them.
In you Tibet tour, you can explore these rare and lively wildlife which are born in and grow up freely on this snow-covered plateau. If you love to be with the wilderness and wildlife, you can get close to and know much more about them when traveling to Tibet, and feel the greatness of creatures living in nature at close range.