Tibetan is the main ethnic group living on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Bon is the oldest religion in Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism dominates the political, economic and cultural life of Tibetan society. They permeate all aspects of the social life of the Tibetan people, thus forming folk customs and aesthetic tastes different from other ethnic groups.
The content of Tibetan folk culture is rich and colorful, including costume, food, folk houses, marriage and funeral, festival entertainment, etc. Tibetan folk culture tells us a process of changing and sublimation of Tibetan rich history and culture. If you plan to travel to Tibet, you can learn about its folk culture in advance.
Tibetan costume is a beautiful and lasting cultural landscape on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. The techniques, life interests, aesthetic ideas, ethics and religious beliefs contained in it can all be living fossils for the study of Tibetan culture. Due to the different geographical climate and products, different areas are different in terms of dressing, presenting a colorful appearance. Tibetan robe is the main Tibetan clothing and has wide cloth sleeve, with a beam in the waist. Lhasa has a pleasant climate and has long been the political, religious, economic and cultural center of Tibet. The region is known for its dress code. Tibetan monks vary in their costumes according to their different sects, but their costumes are roughly the same color. In addition to the Kagyu sect’s white dress, other sects wear yellow and red monk uniforms. Don’t forget to put on Tibetan robe for a photo when traveling to Tibet.
In Tibet, wheat, rice, and highland barley are used as food and highland barley is used as the main food. The history of Tibetan planting highland barley is very long. When roasted barley is ground into flour and flour, it is called tsamba. Yak butter is an indispensable food in daily life in Tibetan area. It can increase heat and resist hypoxia. Tibetan people have the custom of drinking tea, buttered tea is the main drink. Tibetan drinks include light tea, sweet tea, fresh milk, and barleywine. Highland barleywine is a kind of low-alcohol wine made by fermentation of highland barley.
The shape and structure of Tibetan residential buildings are subject to the geographical environment, building materials, building technology, folk customs, living habits, and other factors. The blockhouse is a typical residential building form in Tibet. The small-sized blockhouse is usually a two-story structure, with the upper layer being the living space for people and the lower layer being the livestock and storage houses. The houses have small windows and narrow doors to block the wind and cold. The pillars and beams of the house are decorated with colorful paintings. The roof is usually decorated with blue, white, red, yellow and green prayer flags, blue for the sky, white for clouds, red for fire, yellow for earth, and green for water. Prayer flags are changed every year during the Tibetan New Year to pray for peace.
The vast snowy plateau, with its vast land area and sparse population, is particularly inconvenient for transportation. The long journey can only be done by means of mules, horses, yaks, and camels, or by walking. The horse is an indispensable faithful companion of Tibetan people’s life on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Tibetans have a special feeling for horses. Known as a plateau boat, the yak is particularly persistent, albeit sluggish, and is ideal for transport in the high and cold mountains. The most common form of transportation over water is the cowhide boat. The cowhide boat is not afraid of the reef collision in the river. A cowhide boat can row no matter how deep the river is.