Tibet is located on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. There are many famous attractions in Tibet. Different ethnic groups and regions have formed their own distinctive folk customs due to their different natural geographical environments, which often show strong natural selectivity and adaptability. The Tibetan plateau, a magical land, has formed a special food culture of the Tibetan people due to its special geographical environment. Tibetan food is dominated by highland barley, beef, and mutton. The Tibetan food culture is also an important part of the Tibetan culture. If you plane a trip to Tibet, you can know the Tibetan food culture in advance.
- Unique Tibetan Staple Food
Tibetan people live in areas with high altitude, thin air, little precipitation, abundant sunshine, and high wind speed. The unique geographical location and climate characteristics have formed their unique eating habits. In the vast plateau area, Zanba, butter tea, sweet tea, milk dregs, barley wine, beef, and mutton have always been the traditional food of the Tibetan people.
Zanba: the Buttered Zanba is one of the traditional staple foods of herdsmen in Tibet. Tibetan people have Zanba at three meals a day. With the fragrance of butter, the sweetness of sugar, rich nutrition, high calorific value, Zanba is liked by people in Tibet.
Butter: it’s a crude butter with about 80% to 90% fat and a lot of vitamin A. It is also an indispensable food in the Tibetan people’s life. The main method of eating butter is to make the butter tea. Tibetan people can’t be short of butter during festivals and marriages. Especially all kinds of pastries made of butter are good-looking and fragrant. Butter is used for many purposes. Butter is also used as fuel of the lamp in temples in Tibetan areas. Tibetans also apply butter on their skin to prevent frozen and sunscreen from cracking.
Tibetan tea: tea has many kinds of species in Tibet, such as black tea, milk tea, and butter tea. Tea is an inseparable drink for Tibetans. It is said that Tibetan people prefer three days without food to one day without tea.
Barely wine: it is made of barley, the main grain produced locally in Tibet. It is the Tibetan people’s favorite drink. It is indispensable for celebrating New Year’s Day, getting married, having children, and welcoming relatives and friends.
- Main Characteristics of Tibetan Food
Tibetan cuisine is a general term for Tibetan area food. The characteristics of Tibetan food can be summarized as follows:
The wide range of raw materials, strict material selection.
Pay attention to nature and heat control.
The dishes are exquisite and have different styles.
Combination of medicine and food, green and healthy.
Special, nutritious and delicious.
- Unique and Profound Tibetan Catering Etiquette Culture
Tibetan people are very etiquette-conscious people. They show respect for their elders, courtesy, and cordiality in every aspect of their diet. For example, Tibetan drinking etiquette: every new wine brewed, they must first respect God, and then respect the elderly at home, finally the family can drink freely.
The main content of Tibetan tea custom is to offer tea to guests. It reflects the respectful, harmonious and peaceful atmosphere of their daily life.